This page is designed to provide a picture of existing threats and emerging safety themes to help aviators make better decisions and achieve safer outcomes.

While the ultimate responsibility for safe flight rests with the pilot, the CAA can provide information to support industry to mitigate hazards.

This is a current selection which will update as new topics emerge. We welcome your comments and suggestions regarding industry issues you believe are critical. You can email us at

Situational awareness and threat and error management

European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) Sunny Swift instructor comic strip

A series of short comic strips dealing with GA situations from an instructor’s perspective.

Sunny Swift: See and avoid(external link)

FAA Aviation safety briefing – Managing distractions

A short brief that highlights focus, risk reduction, and responding to abnormal conditions.

Managing distractions(external link)

Technology watch

Vector: Not drowning in the tech

Intoxication with the bells and whistles of the glass cockpit can blunt good flying skills, and has contributed to tragedies.

Vector article – Spring 2021 – Not drowning in the tech

Vector Online: Stunning but imperfect

A reminder to check the accuracy of your navigation gizmos against a published standard.

Vector Online: Stunning but imperfect

NTSB Safety alert – Prevent midair collisions: Don't depend on vision alone

Lessons from accidents that show how ASD-B can help pilots become aware of and maintain separation.

National Transportation Safety Board website: SA-058(external link)

Pre-flight planning

Weather for cross-country flight planning

Aeropath and MetService have joined forces to develop a one-stop platform called PreFlight to better support the needs of pilots throughout Aotearoa.

MetService: Introducing PreFlight(external link)

Accidents – A reminder of lessons from the past

Australian Transport Safety Bureau (ATSB): In-Flight upset, inadvertent pitch disconnect, and continued operation with serious damage involving ATR-72 aircraft

Threat and error management: flight crew should adhere to sterile cockpit procedures and communicate threats and errors clearly to optimise their performance in the higher risk phases of flight.

ATSB website: Investigation AO-2014-032(external link)

Air Safety Institute video channel – Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) - Accident case study: Faulty assumptions

Flight planning and fuel management.

AOPA website: Accident case study: Faulty assumptions(external link)

Air Safety Institute video channel – Aircraft Owners and Pilots Association (AOPA) - Traffic pattern tragedy

Radio communications and decision making in a complex environment.

AOPA website: Accident case study: Traffic pattern tragedy(external link)